The cause of frozen shoulder is usually unknown. However, it is more common in:
- Females compared to males
- Individuals aged 40 to 65, most commonly between 51 and 55
- Individuals recovering from mastectomy
- Following rotator cuff injury, fracture of the upper arm, stroke affecting the arm
- More common in certain pre-existing diseases such as diabetes, hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, heart disease, Parkinson’s disease
- Females who have had a previous episode in the other arm
Frozen Shoulder Part 3 will discuss the stages of frozen shoulder.
Kelley MJ et al Shoulder pain and mobility deficits: Adhesive capsulitis. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2013; 43(5):A1-A31.
Physiopedia website available at: https://www.physio-pedia.com/Adhesive_Capsulitis